source: trunk/cgi-bin/IPDB.pm@ 189

Last change on this file since 189 was 189, checked in by Kris Deugau, 19 years ago

/trunk

Caught some buglets in the HairyPerl(TM) ('$1' vs "$1")
Corrected a potentially annoying SQL buglet relating to the

selection of which netblock an allocation is to be taken from;
under certain conditions it would pick a larger block to slice
up while there was still a perfectly usable block just the
right size waiting to be allocated.

Removed display of back-end alloctypes from success/failure notes
Corrected comments referring to alloctypes that have been altered
Updated IPDB "default" schema and alloctypes list with current

base information

  • Property svn:keywords set to Date Rev Author
File size: 19.9 KB
Line 
1# ipdb/cgi-bin/IPDB.pm
2# Contains functions for IPDB - database access, subnet mangling, block allocation, etc
3###
4# SVN revision info
5# $Date: 2005-03-08 22:37:46 +0000 (Tue, 08 Mar 2005) $
6# SVN revision $Rev: 189 $
7# Last update by $Author: kdeugau $
8###
9# Copyright (C) 2004,2005 - Kris Deugau
10
11package IPDB;
12
13use strict;
14use warnings;
15use Exporter;
16use DBI;
17use Net::SMTP;
18use POSIX;
19use vars qw($VERSION @ISA @EXPORT @EXPORT_OK %EXPORT_TAGS);
20
21$VERSION = 2.0;
22@ISA = qw(Exporter);
23@EXPORT_OK = qw(
24 %disp_alloctypes %list_alloctypes %def_custids @citylist @poplist @masterblocks
25 %allocated %free %routed %bigfree
26 &initIPDBGlobals &connectDB &finish &checkDBSanity &allocateBlock &deleteBlock
27 &mailNotify
28 );
29
30@EXPORT = (); # Export nothing by default.
31%EXPORT_TAGS = ( ALL => [qw(
32 %disp_alloctypes %list_alloctypes %def_custids @citylist @poplist
33 @masterblocks %allocated %free %routed %bigfree
34 &initIPDBGlobals &connectDB &finish &checkDBSanity &allocateBlock
35 &deleteBlock &mailNotify
36 )]
37 );
38
39##
40## Global variables
41##
42our %disp_alloctypes;
43our %list_alloctypes;
44our %def_custids;
45our @citylist;
46our @poplist;
47our @masterblocks;
48our %allocated;
49our %free;
50our %routed;
51our %bigfree;
52
53# Let's initialize the globals.
54## IPDB::initIPDBGlobals()
55# Initialize all globals. Takes a database handle, returns a success or error code
56sub initIPDBGlobals {
57 my $dbh = $_[0];
58 my $sth;
59
60 # Initialize alloctypes hashes
61 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select type,listname,dispname,listorder,def_custid from alloctypes order by listorder");
62 $sth->execute;
63 while (my @data = $sth->fetchrow_array) {
64 $disp_alloctypes{$data[0]} = $data[2];
65 $def_custids{$data[0]} = $data[4];
66 if ($data[3] < 900) {
67 $list_alloctypes{$data[0]} = $data[1];
68 }
69 }
70
71 # City and POP listings
72 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select city,routing from cities order by city");
73 $sth->execute;
74 return (undef,$sth->errstr) if $sth->err;
75 while (my @data = $sth->fetchrow_array) {
76 push @citylist, $data[0];
77 if ($data[1] eq 'y') {
78 push @poplist, $data[0];
79 }
80 }
81
82 # Master block list
83 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select cidr from masterblocks order by cidr");
84 $sth->execute;
85 for (my $i=0; my @data = $sth->fetchrow_array(); $i++) {
86 $masterblocks[$i] = new NetAddr::IP $data[0];
87 $allocated{"$masterblocks[$i]"} = 0;
88 $free{"$masterblocks[$i]"} = 0;
89 $bigfree{"$masterblocks[$i]"} = 128; # Larger number means smaller block.
90 # Set to 128 to prepare for IPv6
91 $routed{"$masterblocks[$i]"} = 0;
92 }
93 return (undef,$sth->errstr) if $sth->err;
94
95 return (1,"OK");
96} # end initIPDBGlobals
97
98
99## IPDB::connectDB()
100# Creates connection to IPDB.
101# Requires the database name, username, and password.
102# Returns a handle to the db.
103# Set up for a PostgreSQL db; could be any transactional DBMS with the
104# right changes.
105# This definition should be sub connectDB($$$) to be technically correct,
106# but this breaks. GRR.
107sub connectDB {
108 my ($dbname,$user,$pass) = @_;
109 my $dbh;
110 my $DSN = "DBI:Pg:dbname=$dbname";
111# my $user = 'ipdb';
112# my $pw = 'ipdbpwd';
113
114# Note that we want to autocommit by default, and we will turn it off locally as necessary.
115# We may not want to print gobbledygook errors; YMMV. Have to ponder that further.
116 $dbh = DBI->connect($DSN, $user, $pass, {
117 AutoCommit => 1,
118 PrintError => 0
119 })
120 or return (undef, $DBI::errstr) if(!$dbh);
121
122# Return here if we can't select. Note that this indicates a
123# problem executing the select.
124 my $sth = $dbh->prepare("select type from alloctypes");
125 $sth->execute();
126 return (undef,$DBI::errstr) if ($sth->err);
127
128# See if the select returned anything (or null data). This should
129# succeed if the select executed, but...
130 $sth->fetchrow();
131 return (undef,$DBI::errstr) if ($sth->err);
132
133# If we get here, we should be OK.
134 return ($dbh,"DB connection OK");
135} # end connectDB
136
137
138## IPDB::finish()
139# Cleans up after database handles and so on.
140# Requires a database handle
141sub finish {
142 my $dbh = $_[0];
143 $dbh->disconnect;
144} # end finish
145
146
147## IPDB::checkDBSanity()
148# Quick check to see if the db is responding. A full integrity
149# check will have to be a separate tool to walk the IP allocation trees.
150sub checkDBSanity {
151 my ($dbh) = $_[0];
152
153 if (!$dbh) {
154 print "No database handle, or connection has been closed.";
155 return -1;
156 } else {
157 # it connects, try a stmt.
158 my $sth = $dbh->prepare("select type from alloctypes");
159 my $err = $sth->execute();
160
161 if ($sth->fetchrow()) {
162 # all is well.
163 return 1;
164 } else {
165 print "Connected to the database, but could not execute test statement. ".$sth->errstr();
166 return -1;
167 }
168 }
169 # Clean up after ourselves.
170# $dbh->disconnect;
171} # end checkDBSanity
172
173
174## IPDB::allocateBlock()
175# Does all of the magic of actually allocating a netblock
176# Requires database handle, block to allocate, custid, type, city,
177# description, notes, circuit ID, block to allocate from,
178# Returns a success code and optional error message.
179sub allocateBlock {
180 my ($dbh,undef,undef,$custid,$type,$city,$desc,$notes,$circid) = @_;
181
182 my $cidr = new NetAddr::IP $_[1];
183 my $alloc_from = new NetAddr::IP $_[2];
184 my $sth;
185
186 # To contain the error message, if any.
187 my $msg = "Unknown error allocating $cidr as '$type'";
188
189 # Enable transactions and error handling
190 local $dbh->{AutoCommit} = 0; # These need to be local so we don't
191 local $dbh->{RaiseError} = 1; # step on our toes by accident.
192
193 if ($type =~ /^.i$/) {
194 $msg = "Unable to assign static IP $cidr to $custid";
195 eval {
196 # We have to do this in two parts because otherwise we lose
197 # the ability to return the IP assigned. Should that change,
198 # the commented SQL statement below may become usable.
199# update poolips set custid='$custid',city='$city',available='n',
200# description='$desc',notes='$notes',circuitid='$circid'
201# where ip=(select ip from poolips where pool='$alloc_from'
202# and available='y' order by ip limit 1);
203
204 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select ip from poolips where pool='$alloc_from'".
205 " and available='y' order by ip");
206 $sth->execute;
207
208 my @data = $sth->fetchrow_array;
209 $cidr = $data[0]; # $cidr is already declared when we get here!
210
211 $sth = $dbh->prepare("update poolips set custid='$custid',".
212 "city='$city',available='n',description='$desc',notes='$notes',".
213 "circuitid='$circid'".
214 " where ip='$cidr'");
215 $sth->execute;
216 $dbh->commit;
217 };
218 if ($@) {
219 $msg .= ": '".$sth->errstr."'";
220 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
221 return ('FAIL',$msg);
222 } else {
223 return ('OK',"$cidr");
224 }
225
226 } else { # end IP-from-pool allocation
227
228 if ($cidr == $alloc_from) {
229 # Easiest case- insert in one table, delete in the other, and go home. More or less.
230 # insert into allocations values (cidr,custid,type,city,desc) and
231 # delete from freeblocks where cidr='cidr'
232 # For data safety on non-transaction DBs, we delete first.
233
234 eval {
235 $msg = "Unable to allocate $cidr as '$disp_alloctypes{$type}'";
236 if ($type eq 'rm') {
237 $sth = $dbh->prepare("update freeblocks set routed='y',city='$city'".
238 " where cidr='$cidr'");
239 $sth->execute;
240 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into routed (cidr,maskbits,city)".
241 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.",'$city')");
242 $sth->execute;
243 } else {
244 # common stuff for end-use, dialup, dynDSL, pools, etc, etc.
245
246 # special case - block is a container/"reserve" block
247 if ($type =~ /^(.)c$/) {
248 $sth = $dbh->prepare("update freeblocks set routed='$1' where cidr='$cidr'");
249 $sth->execute;
250 } else {
251 # "normal" case
252 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from freeblocks where cidr='$cidr'");
253 $sth->execute;
254 }
255 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into allocations".
256 " (cidr,custid,type,city,description,notes,maskbits,circuitid)".
257 " values ('$cidr','$custid','$type','$city','$desc','$notes',".
258 $cidr->masklen.",'$circid')");
259 $sth->execute;
260
261 # And initialize the pool, if necessary
262 # PPPoE pools (currently dialup, DSL, and WiFi) get all IPs made available
263 # "DHCP" or "real-subnet" pools have the net, gw, and bcast IPs removed.
264 if ($type =~ /^.p$/) {
265 $msg = "Could not initialize IPs in new $disp_alloctypes{$type} $cidr";
266 my ($code,$rmsg) = initPool($dbh,$cidr,$type,$city,"all");
267 die $rmsg if $code eq 'FAIL';
268 } elsif ($type =~ /^.d$/) {
269 $msg = "Could not initialize IPs in new $disp_alloctypes{$type} $cidr";
270 my ($code,$rmsg) = initPool($dbh,$cidr,$type,$city,"normal");
271 die $rmsg if $code eq 'FAIL';
272 }
273
274 } # routing vs non-routing netblock
275
276 $dbh->commit;
277 }; # end of eval
278 if ($@) {
279 $msg .= ": ".$@;
280 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
281 return ('FAIL',$msg);
282 } else {
283 return ('OK',"OK");
284 }
285
286 } else { # cidr != alloc_from
287
288 # Hard case. Allocation is smaller than free block.
289 my $wantmaskbits = $cidr->masklen;
290 my $maskbits = $alloc_from->masklen;
291
292 my @newfreeblocks; # Holds free blocks generated from splitting the source freeblock.
293
294 # This determines which blocks will be left "free" after allocation. We take the
295 # block we're allocating from, and split it in half. We see which half the wanted
296 # block is in, and repeat until the wanted block is equal to one of the halves.
297 my $i=0;
298 my $tmp_from = $alloc_from; # So we don't munge $alloc_from
299 while ($maskbits++ < $wantmaskbits) {
300 my @subblocks = $tmp_from->split($maskbits);
301 $newfreeblocks[$i++] = (($cidr->within($subblocks[0])) ? $subblocks[1] : $subblocks[0]);
302 $tmp_from = ( ($cidr->within($subblocks[0])) ? $subblocks[0] : $subblocks[1] );
303 } # while
304
305 # Begin SQL transaction block
306 eval {
307 $msg = "Unable to allocate $cidr as '$disp_alloctypes{$type}'";
308
309 # Delete old freeblocks entry
310 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from freeblocks where cidr='$alloc_from'");
311 $sth->execute();
312
313 # now we have to do some magic for routing blocks
314 if ($type eq 'rm') {
315
316 # Insert the new freeblocks entries
317 # Note that non-routed blocks are assigned to <NULL>
318 # and use the default value for the routed column ('n')
319 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city)".
320 " values (?, ?, '<NULL>')");
321 foreach my $block (@newfreeblocks) {
322 $sth->execute("$block", $block->masklen);
323 }
324
325 # Insert the entry in the routed table
326 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into routed (cidr,maskbits,city)".
327 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.",'$city')");
328 $sth->execute;
329 # Insert the (almost) same entry in the freeblocks table
330 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city,routed)".
331 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.",'$city','y')");
332 $sth->execute;
333
334 } else { # done with alloctype == rm
335
336 # Insert the new freeblocks entries
337 # Along with some more HairyPerl(TM) in case we're inserting a
338 # subblock (.r) allocation
339 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city,routed)".
340 " values (?, ?, (select city from routed where cidr >>= '$cidr'),'".
341 (($type =~ /^(.)r$/) ? "$1" : 'y')."')");
342 foreach my $block (@newfreeblocks) {
343 $sth->execute("$block", $block->masklen);
344 }
345 # Special-case for reserve/"container" blocks - generate
346 # the "extra" freeblocks entry for the container
347 if ($type =~ /^(.)c$/) {
348 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city,routed)".
349 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.",'$city','$1')");
350 $sth->execute;
351 }
352 # Insert the allocations entry
353 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into allocations (cidr,custid,type,city,".
354 "description,notes,maskbits,circuitid)".
355 " values ('$cidr','$custid','$type','$city','$desc','$notes',".
356 $cidr->masklen.",'$circid')");
357 $sth->execute;
358
359 # And initialize the pool, if necessary
360 # PPPoE pools (currently dialup, DSL, and WiFi) get all IPs made available
361 # "DHCP" or "real-subnet" pools have the net, gw, and bcast IPs removed.
362 if ($type =~ /^.p$/) {
363 $msg = "Could not initialize IPs in new $disp_alloctypes{$type} $cidr";
364 my ($code,$rmsg) = initPool($dbh,$cidr,$type,$city,"all");
365 die $rmsg if $code eq 'FAIL';
366 } elsif ($type =~ /^.d$/) {
367 $msg = "Could not initialize IPs in new $disp_alloctypes{$type} $cidr";
368 my ($code,$rmsg) = initPool($dbh,$cidr,$type,$city,"normal");
369 die $rmsg if $code eq 'FAIL';
370 }
371
372 } # done with netblock alloctype != rm
373
374 $dbh->commit;
375 }; # end eval
376 if ($@) {
377 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
378 return ('FAIL',$msg);
379 } else {
380 return ('OK',"OK");
381 }
382
383 } # end fullcidr != alloc_from
384
385 } # end static-IP vs netblock allocation
386
387} # end allocateBlock()
388
389
390## IPDB::initPool()
391# Initializes a pool
392# Requires a database handle, the pool CIDR, type, city, and a parameter
393# indicating whether the pool should allow allocation of literally every
394# IP, or if it should reserve network/gateway/broadcast IPs
395# Note that this is NOT done in a transaction, that's why it's a private
396# function and should ONLY EVER get called from allocateBlock()
397sub initPool {
398 my ($dbh,undef,$type,$city,$class) = @_;
399 my $pool = new NetAddr::IP $_[1];
400
401##fixme Need to just replace 2nd char of type with i rather than capturing 1st char of type
402 $type =~ s/[pd]$/i/;
403 my $sth;
404 my $msg;
405
406 # Trap errors so we can pass them back to the caller. Even if the
407 # caller is only ever supposed to be local, and therefore already
408 # trapping errors. >:(
409 local $dbh->{AutoCommit} = 0; # These need to be local so we don't
410 local $dbh->{RaiseError} = 1; # step on our toes by accident.
411
412 eval {
413 # have to insert all pool IPs into poolips table as "unallocated".
414 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into poolips (pool,ip,custid,city,type)".
415 " values ('$pool', ?, '6750400', '$city', '$type')");
416 my @poolip_list = $pool->hostenum;
417 if ($class eq 'all') { # (DSL-ish block - *all* IPs available
418 $sth->execute($pool->addr);
419 for (my $i=0; $i<=$#poolip_list; $i++) {
420 $sth->execute($poolip_list[$i]->addr);
421 }
422 $pool--;
423 $sth->execute($pool->addr);
424 } else { # (real netblock)
425 for (my $i=1; $i<=$#poolip_list; $i++) {
426 $sth->execute($poolip_list[$i]->addr);
427 }
428 }
429 };
430 if ($@) {
431 $msg = "'".$sth->errstr."'";
432 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
433 return ('FAIL',$msg);
434 } else {
435 return ('OK',"OK");
436 }
437} # end initPool()
438
439
440## IPDB::deleteBlock()
441# Removes an allocation from the database, including deleting IPs
442# from poolips and recombining entries in freeblocks if possible
443# Also handles "deleting" a static IP allocation, and removal of a master
444# Requires a database handle, the block to delete, and the type of block
445sub deleteBlock {
446 my ($dbh,undef,$type) = @_;
447 my $cidr = new NetAddr::IP $_[1];
448
449 my $sth;
450
451 # To contain the error message, if any.
452 my $msg = "Unknown error deallocating $type $cidr";
453 # Enable transactions and exception-on-errors... but only for this sub
454 local $dbh->{AutoCommit} = 0;
455 local $dbh->{RaiseError} = 1;
456
457 # First case. The "block" is a static IP
458 # Note that we still need some additional code in the odd case
459 # of a netblock-aligned contiguous group of static IPs
460 if ($type =~ /^.i$/) {
461
462 eval {
463 $msg = "Unable to deallocate $disp_alloctypes{$type} $cidr";
464 $sth = $dbh->prepare("update poolips set custid='6750400',available='y',".
465 "city=(select city from allocations where cidr >>= '$cidr'),".
466 "description='',notes='',circuitid='' where ip='$cidr'");
467 $sth->execute;
468 $dbh->commit;
469 };
470 if ($@) {
471 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
472 return ('FAIL',$msg);
473 } else {
474 return ('OK',"OK");
475 }
476
477 } elsif ($type eq 'mm') { # end alloctype =~ /.i/
478
479 $msg = "Unable to delete master block $cidr";
480 eval {
481 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from masterblocks where cidr='$cidr'");
482 $sth->execute;
483 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from freeblocks where cidr='$cidr'");
484 $sth->execute;
485 $dbh->commit;
486 };
487 if ($@) {
488 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
489 return ('FAIL', $msg);
490 } else {
491 return ('OK',"OK");
492 }
493
494 } else { # end alloctype master block case
495
496 ## This is a big block; but it HAS to be done in a chunk. Any removal
497 ## of a netblock allocation may result in a larger chunk of free
498 ## contiguous IP space - which may in turn be combined into a single
499 ## netblock rather than a number of smaller netblocks.
500
501 eval {
502
503 if ($type eq 'rm') {
504 $msg = "Unable to remove routing allocation $cidr";
505 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from routed where cidr='$cidr'");
506 $sth->execute;
507 # Make sure block getting deleted is properly accounted for.
508 $sth = $dbh->prepare("update freeblocks set routed='n',city='<NULL>'".
509 " where cidr='$cidr'");
510 $sth->execute;
511 # Set up query to start compacting free blocks.
512 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select cidr from freeblocks where ".
513 "maskbits<=".$cidr->masklen." and routed='n' order by maskbits desc");
514
515 } else { # end alloctype routing case
516
517 # Delete all allocations within the block being deleted. This is
518 # deliberate and correct, and removes the need to special-case
519 # removal of "container" blocks.
520 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from allocations where cidr <<='$cidr'");
521 $sth->execute;
522
523 # Special case - delete pool IPs
524 if ($type =~ /^.[pd]$/) {
525 # We have to delete the IPs from the pool listing.
526 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from poolips where pool='$cidr'");
527 $sth->execute;
528 }
529
530 # Set up query for compacting free blocks.
531 $sth = $dbh->prepare("select cidr from freeblocks where cidr <<= ".
532 "(select cidr from routed where cidr >>= '$cidr') ".
533 " and maskbits<=".$cidr->masklen.
534 " and routed='".(($type =~ /^(.)r$/) ? '$1' : 'y').
535 "' order by maskbits desc");
536
537 } # end alloctype general case
538
539 # Now we look for larger-or-equal-sized free blocks in the same master (routed)
540 # (super)block. If there aren't any, we can't combine blocks anyway. If there
541 # are, we check to see if we can combine blocks.
542 # Execute the statement prepared in the if-else above.
543
544 $sth->execute;
545
546# NetAddr::IP->compact() attempts to produce the smallest inclusive block
547# from the caller and the passed terms.
548# EG: if you call $cidr->compact($ip1,$ip2,$ip3) when $cidr, $ip1, $ip2,
549# and $ip3 are consecutive /27's starting on .0 (.0-.31, .32-.63,
550# .64-.95, and .96-.128), you will get an array containing a single
551# /25 as element 0 (.0-.127). Order is not important; you could have
552# $cidr=.32/27, $ip1=.96/27, $ip2=.0/27, and $ip3=.64/27.
553
554 my (@together, @combinelist);
555 my $i=0;
556 while (my @data = $sth->fetchrow_array) {
557 my $testIP = new NetAddr::IP $data[0];
558 @together = $testIP->compact($cidr);
559 my $num = @together;
560 if ($num == 1) {
561 $cidr = $together[0];
562 $combinelist[$i++] = $testIP;
563 }
564 }
565
566 # Clear old freeblocks entries - if any. They should all be within
567 # the $cidr determined above.
568 $sth = $dbh->prepare("delete from freeblocks where cidr <<='$cidr'");
569 $sth->execute;
570
571 # insert "new" freeblocks entry
572 if ($type eq 'rm') {
573 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city)".
574 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.",'<NULL>')");
575 } else {
576 $sth = $dbh->prepare("insert into freeblocks (cidr,maskbits,city,routed)".
577 " values ('$cidr',".$cidr->masklen.
578 ",(select city from routed where cidr >>= '$cidr'),'".
579 (($type =~ /^(.)r$/) ? "$1" : 'y')."')");
580 }
581 $sth->execute;
582
583 # If we got here, we've succeeded. Whew!
584 $dbh->commit;
585 }; # end eval
586 if ($@) {
587 eval { $dbh->rollback; };
588 return ('FAIL', $msg);
589 } else {
590 return ('OK',"OK");
591 }
592
593 } # end alloctype != netblock
594
595} # end deleteBlock()
596
597
598## IPDB::mailNotify()
599# Sends notification mail to recipients regarding an IPDB operation
600sub mailNotify ($$$) {
601 my ($recip,$subj,$message) = @_;
602 my $mailer = Net::SMTP->new("smtp.example.com", Hello => "ipdb.example.com");
603
604 $mailer->mail('ipdb@example.com');
605 $mailer->to($recip);
606 $mailer->data("From: \"IP Database\" <ipdb\@example.com>\n",
607 "To: $recip\n",
608 "Date: ".strftime("%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S %z",localtime)."\n",
609 "Subject: {IPDB} $subj\n",
610 "X-Mailer: IPDB Notify v".sprintf("%.1d",$IPDB::VERSION)."\n",
611 "Organization: Example Corp\n",
612 "\n$message\n");
613 $mailer->quit;
614}
615
616# Indicates module loaded OK. Required by Perl.
6171;
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